Sex charts in kenya
Data from official documents, key informant interviews and school-based surveys were used to examine how sexuality education programs in three counties were developed, implemented and experienced.
This report presents findings on the development of policies and curricula, including the actors involved and challenges faced; how sexuality education is taught in classrooms; students’ experiences and preferences; support for implementation, including teacher training and school environment factors; sexuality education outside of the classroom; and general opinions about sexuality education among key stakeholders.
We did not include topics such as sexual pleasure or desire, which are not culturally appropriate in the country setting.
We did include abstinence, as this approach persists in many developing (as well as some developed) countries.
Although the Kenyan government does not claim to be providing comprehensive sexuality education in schools, we assessed the range of topics according to international standards, in order to provide a baseline measure for developing policies or curricula in the future.
The goal of this study was to provide a robust, comprehensive analysis of policies and curricula regarding sexuality education in Kenya and their implementation in secondary schools, with a focus on three geographically and ethnically diverse counties: Homa Bay, Mombasa and Nairobi.
Using various international guidelines, we identified five topic categories as key components of a comprehensive program (Box 2.2).
The presence or absence of the topics in each category was used to measure comprehensiveness in the range of topics offered.
The vast majority (93%) of sexually active adolescent females who are unmarried want to avoid pregnancy within the next two years, but 52% have an unmet need for family planning, meaning they either want to postpone their next birth by at least two years or do not want any (additional) children, but are not using a contraceptive method.
Among the 12% of adolescent females who are married or in a union, 61% want to avoid a pregnancy, and 23% have an unmet need for family planning.
Despite efforts targeting these reproductive health issues, recent studies indicate a persistently high need for SRH information and services, further emphasizing the need for high-quality sexuality education.